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      軟科世界一流學科排名2020-排名方法

      排名學科

      2020軟科世界一流學科排名覆蓋54個學科,涉及理學、工學、生命科學、醫學和社會科學五大領域。

      排名對象

      軟科世界一流學科排名的對象是2014至2018年間在特定學科發表論文達到一定數量的大學。不同學科的發文數閾值如下。軟科世界一流學科排名的文獻數據來自于Web of Science和InCites數據庫。

      排名指標與權重

      不同學科的指標權重系數有所不同,見下圖。

      計分方式

      首先計算大學在每項指標上的得分,具體為大學在一項指標上的數值除以該項指標的最大值(開根號)再乘以100。然后各指標得分除以100再乘以相應權重進行累加得到該校總分。

      CNCI為相對指標,論文數量較少時CNCI不夠穩定。因此在計算該指標的得分時,一個學科的CNCI最大值設置為該學科所有大學的CNCI平均值的2倍或者該學科所有大學中CNCI的實際最大值,取二者中較低者,令其為100分。其它大學按其CNCI與該最大值的比例得分,CNCI超過該最大值的大學,均得100分。

      指標定義與統計方法

      數據來源

      指標 來源
      重要期刊論文數
      論文標準化影響力
      國際合作論文比例
      頂尖期刊論文數
      教師獲權威獎項數 Fields Medal
      http://www.mathunion.org/general/prizes/fields/details/
      The Abel Prize
      http://www.abelprize.no/
      Nobel Prize in Physics
      https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/physics/
      Wolf Prize in Chemistry
      https://wolffund.org.il/home-page/
      Nobel Prize in Chemistry
      https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/chemistry/
      Priestley Medal
      http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/funding-and-awards/awards/national/bytopic/priestley-medal.html
      Crafoord Prize in Geosciences
      https://www.crafoordprize.se/geosciences
      The Carl-Gustaf Rossby Research Medal
      https://www.ametsoc.org/index.cfm/ams/about-ams/ams-awards-honors/awards/science-and-technology-medals/the-carl-gustaf-rossby-research-medal/
      The Jule G. Charney Award
      https://www.ametsoc.org/index.cfm/ams/about-ams/ams-awards-honors/awards/science-and-technology-medals/the-jule-g-charney-medal/
      ASME Medal
      https://www.asme.org/about-asme/get-involved/honors-awards/achievement-awards/asme-medal
      Timoshenko Medal
      https://www.asme.org/about-asme/get-involved/honors-awards/achievement-awards/timoshenko-medal
      IEEE Medal of Honor
      http://www.ieee.org/about/awards/medals/medalofhonor.html
      IEEE Control Systems Award
      https://www.ieee.org/about/awards/tfas/controlsys.html
      A.M. Turing Award
      http://amturing.acm.org/
      International Award of Merit in Structural Engineering
      http://www.iabse.org/IABSE/IABSE_Association/Awards/Award_of_Merit/IABSE/association/Award_files/International_Award_of_Merit_in_Structural_Engineering/Merit.aspx?hkey=4e67443b-411c-4a37-9e42-0c99b434d5f1
      Andreas Acrivos Award for Professional Progress in Chemical Engineering
      https://www.aiche.org/community/awards/andreas-acrivos-award-professional-progress-chemical-engineering
      MRS Medal Award
      http://www.mrs.org/medal/
      Von Hippel Award
      http://www.mrs.org/vonhippel/
      Stockholm Water Prize
      http://www.siwi.org/prizes/stockholmwaterprize/
      Robert E. Horton Medal
      https://honors.agu.org/medals-awards/robert-e-horton-award/
      EGU John Dalton Medal
      https://www.egu.eu/awards-medals/john-dalton/
      Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
      https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/medicine/
      Lasker~DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award
      http://www.laskerfoundation.org/awards/#name=&award=Clinical&year=
      IADR Distinguished Scientist Award
      http://www.iadr.org/IADR/Awards/Grants-Awards/Distinguished-Scientist
      Nurse Researcher Hall of Fame
      https://www.sigmanursing.org/advance-elevate/awards/nurse-researcher-awards
      The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel
      https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/economic-sciences/
      COPSS Presidents' Award
      https://community.amstat.org/copss/awards/presidents
      The Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science
      http://www.skytteprize.com/
      Ulysses Prize
      https://www.unwto.org/unwto-ulysses-prize-excellence-creation-and-dissemination-knowledge
      ASIST Award of Merit
      https://www.asist.org/programs-services/awards-honors/award-of-merit/
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